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Chili peppers, despite their fiery “hotness” are one of very popular spices known for medicinal and health benefiting properties.

Chilli

Chili peppers, despite their fiery “hotness” are one of very popular spices known for medicinal and health benefiting properties. The chili is actually a fruit pod from the plant belonging to the nightshade family ofSolanaceae, within the genus; capsicum. Scientific name: Capsicum annum. Some common members of nightshade family are tomato, aubergine, potato, etc.

Health Benfits of Chilli

Chili pepper contains an impressive list of plant derived chemical compounds that are known to have disease preventing and health promoting properties.Chilies contain health benefiting an alkaloid compound in them, capsaicin, which gives strong spicy pungent character. Early laboratory studies on experimental mammals suggest that capsaicin has anti-bacterial, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic and anti-diabetic properties. It also found to reduce LDL cholesterol levels in obese individuals.

Fresh chili peppers, red and green, are rich source of vitamin-C. 100 g fresh chilies provide about 143.7 µg or about 240% of RDA. Vitamin C is a potent water-soluble antioxidant. It is required for the collagen synthesis in the body. Collagen is the main structural protein in the body required for maintaining the integrity of blood vessels, skin, organs, and bones. Regular consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps the body protect from scurvy; develop resistance against infectious agents (boosts immunity) and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals from the body.

Principle Energy Carbohydrates Protein Total Fat Chloesterol Dietary Fiber
Nutrient Value 40 kcal 8.81 g 1.87 g 0.44 g 0 mg 1.5 g
Percentage of RDA 2% 7% 3% 2% 0% 3
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